National Council for Teacher Education, Wing – II, Hans Bhawan,
1, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi- 110002
C O N T E N T S
Chapter 1 Code of Professional Ethics for School Teachers
Chapter 2 Observance of the Code
Chapter 3 Explanatory Notes
(i) Constitution of the Committee for developing Code of Professional Ethics for Teachers
(ii) Teacher’s Oath
In pursuance of the recommendations of the National Policy on Education (NPE),
1986/1992, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) in
collaboration with the All India Primary Teachers Federation (AIPTF), All India
Secondary Teachers Federation (AISTF) and All India Federation of Educational
Associations (AIFEA) had developed, for the first time, a Code of Professional Ethics for
Teachers, in 1997. Recognizing the need for revising the Code of Professional Ethics
for School Teachers, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) appointed a
Committee comprising Prof. A.K. Sharma, former Director, NCERT, Prof. G.L. Arora,
former Head Department of Teacher Education and Extension, NCERT, Prof. Pranati
Panda, National University of Educational Planning and Administration and Prof. Najma
Amin, Jamia Millia Islamia.
The Committee constituted by the NCTE reviewed this Code keeping in view the
context of the relevant sections of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory
Education (RTE) Act 2009 and also examined the Codes of Professional Ethics
currently in use in some other countries. The draft Code prepared by the NCTE
Committee was shared with the representatives of State Education Departments, All
India Federations of Primary and Secondary Teachers organizations and UNESCO, and
senior officials of the Ministry of HRD, educational administrators and experts in a
National Seminar. It was also put on the website of NCTE inviting comments and
suggestions from the stakeholders in school education. Valuable suggestions received
online and in the seminar have been duly considered while finalizing this document.
Ideally, the Code of Professional Ethics should be prepared by the professional
organizations of teachers themselves as it is their responsibility to ensure its
observance as a self-imposed discipline on the part of their members. The NCTE has
prepared this document as a facilitative mechanism for professional bodies of teachers
to use it as a template for discussion amongst them, make any amendments, if
necessary, and adopt it to give dignity to their profession.
The present document comprises three chapters. The Code of Professional
Ethics is given in Chapter 1, a mechanism for its observance is suggested in Chapter 2,
Explanatory Notes on different articles of the Code are given in Chapter 3. The
Explanatory Notes have been included to facilitate better understanding by the teachers
of the provisions contained in the Code.
I am grateful to the members of the Committee for sparing their time and giving
us the benefit of their long experience in the field. I am also thankful to the
representatives of Teacher organizations for their whole hearted cooperation in this
endeavour which has the potential to raise the status of the teaching profession.
NEW DELHI, ______December, 2010
Prof. Mohd. Akhtar Siddiqui
Code of Professional Ethics for School Teachers
It is universally felt that like all other professions, the teaching profession should
also have its own Code of Professional Ethics which indeed is a pre-requisite to ensure
its dignity and integrity. It is also significant that the Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education Act, 2009 entrusts teachers with some onerous professional
responsibilities to be internalized by them in the performance of their duties.
Accordingly, it is considered necessary that the Code of Professional Ethics be evolved
and adopted by the teaching community.
For the purpose of this Code, the term “teacher” covers all school teachers,
whether in government or private schools, on full-time or part-time basis, at the
elementary and secondary levels and the teachers holding administrative and
The Code of Professional Ethics for teachers provides a framework of principles
to guide them in discharging their obligations towards students, parents, colleagues and
community. Increased awareness of the ethical principles governing the teaching
profession is essential to ensure ‘professionalism’ among teachers.
— Recognizing that every child has a fundamental right to education of good
— Re cognizing that every child has an inherent potential and talent;
— Recognizing that education should be directed to the all round development of
the human personality;
— Recognizing the need for developing faith in the guiding principles of our polity,
viz., democracy, social justice and secularism;
— Recognizing the need to promote through education the concept of composite
culture of India and a sense of national identity;
— Recognizing that teachers, being an integral part of the social milieu, share the
needs and aspirations of the people;
— Recognizing the need to enhance self-esteem of teachers;
— Recognizing the need to organize teaching as a profession for which expert
knowledge, specialized skills and dedication are pre-requisites;
— Recognizing that the community respect and support for the teachers are
dependent on the teachers’ professionalism; and
— Recognizing the need for self-direction and self-discipline among members of the
the present Code of Professional Ethics for school teachers is an attempt
to provide direction and guidance to the teachers in enhancing the dignity
of their professional work.
- Obligations towards Students
1.1 Treats all students with love and affection.
1.2 Respects the value of being just and impartial to all students irrespective
of their caste, creed, religion, sex, economic status, disability, language
and place of birth.
1.3 Facilitates students’ physical, social, intellectual, emotional, and moral
1.4 Respects basic human dignity of the child in all aspects of school life.
1.5 Makes planned and systematic efforts to facilitate the child to actualize
his/her potential and talent.
1.6 Transacts the curriculum in conformity with the values enshrined in the
Constitution of India.
1.7 Adapts his/her teaching to the individual needs of students.
1.8 Maintains the confidentiality of the information concerning students and
dispenses such information only to those who are legitimately entitled to it.
1.9 Refrains from subjecting any child to fear, trauma, anxiety, physical
punishment, sexual abuse, and mental and emotional harassment.
1.10 Keeps a dignified demeanour commensurate with the expectations from a
teacher as a role model.
- Obligations towards Parents, Community and Society
2.1 Establishes a relationship of trust with parents/guardians in the interest of
all round development of students.
2.2 Desists from doing any thing which is derogatory to the respect of the child
or his/her parents/guardians.
2.3 Strives to develop respect for the composite culture of India among
2.4 Keeps the country uppermost in mind, refrains from taking part in such
activities as may spread feelings of hatred or enmity among different
communities, religious or linguistic groups.
- Obligations towards the Profession and Colleagues
3.1 Strives for his/her continuous professional development.
3.2 Creates a culture that encourages purposeful collaboration and
dialogue among colleagues and stakeholders.
3.3 Takes pride in the teaching profession and treats other members of the
profession with respect and dignity.
3.4 Refrains from engaging himself/herself in private tuition or private
3.5 Refrains from accepting any gift, or favour that might impair or
appear to influence professional decisions or actions.
3.6 Refrains from making unsubstantiated allegations against colleagues or
3.7 Avoids making derogatory statements about colleagues, especially in the
presence of pupils, other teachers, officials or parents.
3.8 Respects the professional standing and opinions of his/her colleagues.
3.9 . Maintains confidentiality of information concerning colleagues and
dispenses such information only when authorized to do so.